A List Of 6 Most Common Types Of Fabrics

  • Aug 2, 2019

Any material is as good as the fabric it is made from. Different fabrics have different properties that make it suitable for a specific material. In addition, certain fabrics are suitable for certain weather. Some are perfect for summer, while some are perfect for winter.

This article is going to list some of the fabrics, their properties and what make them the best fabric for a specific season.

 

1. Cotton

The king of all fabric, cotton is an excellent fabric for the majority of clothing pieces. This fabric is known for its versatility, comfort and durability. In addition, cotton is economical enough to be used by a layman. Cotton is a natural fiber and it comes in various types.

The quality of a cotton fabric is measured by the length of its staple. The higher the length of its staple, the better will be its quality. Shrinking is another factor that define a cotton fabric. This is why a majority of cotton-made clothing pieces are made from prewashed cotton fabric.

Cotton is an evergreen fabric that works in every seasons. But it is particularly effective during the summer time since it is lightweight and breathable. Cotton is used in plenty of clothing pieces as a chief fabric. Some of them are shirt, t-shirt, pants and vest.

 

2. Wool

Wool is another popular fabric that is used in majority of clothing pieces. The fabric is extracted from sheep and goat. It comes in two distinctive textures. There is finer wool that is used in garments and there is coarse wool that is used in making decorative items, such as rugs and blankets.

Wool has various types that is obtained from different breeds of sheep. The fineness of a wool depends on the diameter of its individual wool fiber which is measured in microns. The lower the microns, the finer will be the wool. 

The finer wool is more expensive since it requires more professional precision to manufacture. Wool is known for its warmth and softness and it is commonly used during the winter season. No wonder we see so many people wearing wool-made jackets. Some of them even decorate them with embroidered patches to look cool and stylish. The merino wool is considered the finest wool for its fineness and elasticity.

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3. Linen

Linen is produced from fax plant and is famous for its breathability and lightweight. It is similar to cotton in terms of qualities and is praised for its crispy and classy appearance. In fact, linen can be called a more elegant version of cotton.

The only thing that turns you off in a linen fabric is that it lacks the elasticity and creates wrinkles when it is draped on the body and can break if the fabric is too crispy. In addition, linen is a rather rough fabric and it scratches the body. So it is not the most comfortable fabric to wear.

Known for its lightweight fabric and cool texture, linen is a perfect material to wear during hot sunny days. It is an airy fabric that keeps you at ease in summer time. So you can bask in an open sky under the beach by wearing clothes made from linen. The best garments from linen are shirts, blouses, lycras and vests.

 

4. Silk

A natural protein fiber, silk is synonymous with luxury and opulence. Silk is extracted from cocoon of silkworm. Silk exists since the times of ancient China who would drape themselves in this precious material. People are besotted with silk for its lustrous texture and style appeal. It is among the most expensive fabrics that is used in dress making, quilting and stitching.

There are plenty of types of silk that are used for different purposes. The quality of silk is measured in thread counts. A silk fabric made from high thread count is the finest type of silk known for its softness and durability. On the other hand, a silk fabric with low thread count is fragile and is likely to break.

Among the many types of silk, the most popular are tusser silk, khadi, crepe silk, cotton silk and silk dupioni to name a few. Silk is widely used in dress making business as well as for making quilts and drapes. And it is also used to make threads that embroiders use to create custom embroidered patches on clothes.

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5. Satin

Satin is a special class of fabric that is mostly used in outfits made for special occasions, such as wedding gown and robe. Satin has a flowy texture which is similar to silk. Besides, it is exceptionally smooth and silky which adds a sense of panache to this superb material.

There are different types of satin based on its weaves. Some of the most common types include Antique satin, crepe back, Charmeuse and double-faced satin.

The quality of satin fabric is measured on its weight. A thicker satin is used in structured garment and is used to make high-class apparels. It is a favorite fabric for the couturiers who make haute couture dresses, especially for the wedding-related events.

 

6. Polyester

Polyester is another commonly used fabric that is used by professionals all over world to make dresses and various other lifestyle products. Polyester is praised for its excellent stretch and drape. In addition, it is one of the best fabrics to maintain and care. It is washable and doesn’t develop wrinkle easily. 

Unlike linen and cotton, polyester doesn’t shrink after wash since it is a synthetic fiber. However, polyester is known for low colorfastness and the fabric fades if it is exposed to high temperatures.

Polyester is a chief fabric that is used in manufacturing t-shirts, sports kit, pants and jackets. It is one of the most commercially viable fabrics that apparel manufacturers use to make clothes.

Any fabric has its set of pros and cons depending on its type and use. These are some of the best and commonly-used fabrics that professionals around the world use to make clothes and lifestyle products.

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